Historically, Zhuge Liang was also known as Zhuge Kong Ming (ZKM). He was nicknamed “The Hidden Dragon” due to the fact that people around him underestimated his capacity to achieve great things. Other translations of his nickname were “Crouching Dragon” and “Sleeping Dragon.”
Zhuge Liang was born in 181 AD (the last years of East Han Dynasty), in the Yang-tu, Shantung province, China. Historically, he was known as a great statesman, an engineer, and a military strategist in the Three Kingdoms period (220-280 AD).
Zhuge Liang’s wife’s name is rumored to be Huang Yueying (黄月英).
After a long discussion, Zhuge Liang was touched by Liu Bei’s sincerity as well as Liu Bei’s adoption of his plan for setting up a kingdom in the west and allying with the state of East Wu at the same time. He immediately pledged his service to Liu Bei and left his home to join Liu Bei’s army. This became a major turning point for Liu Bei. At that time, Zhuge Liang was 26 and Liu Bei was 47 years old. Together they later established the Shu Han kingdom in the province of Sichuan.
Throughout his life, Zhuge Liang vowed to resist the Wei (the kingdom founded by his antagonist Cao Cao) and maintain the independence of the Shu, though the state of Wei had several times more land and people than that of the Shu. He later served as prime minister of Shu Han for Emperor Liu Bei (161-230 AD) and his son Liu Chan (207-271 AD).